What is, or was, literary Modernism (1910-1940)? Why did writers feel such a passionate need to change how fiction traditionally had been written? What did those changes entail? At stake were questions of cultural, political, social and literary historical meaning, including artistic relevance, legacy, and the ever-relevant clash between creative and professional identity. This class will put into dialogue with each other four major innovators, Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, Katherine Mansfield, and T. S. Eliot.